This council opened on 19 June in the presence of the emperor, but it is uncertain who presided over the sessions. In the extant lists of bishops present, Ossius. The First Council of Nicaea, held in Nicea in Bithynia (in present-day Turkey), convoked by the Roman Emperor Constantine I in , was the first ecumenical conference of bishops of the Christian Church, and most significantly resulted in the first uniform Christian us council‎: ‎none considered ecumenical. The First Council of Nicaea was the earliest ecumenical council (meaning "worldwide council" - though actually limited to the Roman Empire) of.


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Of these, the first rank was held by the patriarchs: Alexander of Alexandria and Eustathius of Antioch.

Many of the assembled fathers—for instance, Paphnutius of ThebesPotamon of Heraclea, first council of nicaea Paul of Neocaesarea —had stood forth as confessors of the faith and came to the council with the marks of persecution on their faces. This position is supported by patristic scholar Timothy Barnes in his book Constantine and Eusebius.

Council of Nicaea

Athanasius of Alexandria, a young deacon and companion of Bishop Alexander of Alexandria, was among the assistants. Athanasius eventually spent most of his life battling against Arianism.

Alexander of Constantinoplethen a presbyter, was also present as first council of nicaea of his aged bishop.

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  • First Council of Nicaea

Constantine organized the Council along the lines of the Roman Senate. Hosius of Cordoba may have presided over its deliberations; he was probably one of the Papal legates.

First Council of Nicaea – AD - Papal Encyclicals

Constantine viewed conflict within the early Christian church as a tool of Satan and saw it as his duty to heal schisms wherever they appeared. His first attempt first council of nicaea do so was at the Council of Arleswhich he convened in to address the Donatist controversy in the Western Roman Empire.

He saw the Arian heresy as a trivial disagreement between academics who had too much time on their hands, and he believed that the issues could first council of nicaea resolved at Nicaea without difficulty. But if on inquiry they are shown to be unsuitable, it is right that they should be deposed.

Similarly with regard to deaconesses and all in general whose names have been included in the roll, the same form shall be observed. We refer to deaconesses who have been granted this status, for they do not receive any imposition of hands, so that they are in all respects to be numbered among first council of nicaea laity.


Since the grace of God and the most pious emperor Constantine have called us together from different provinces and cities to constitute the great and holy synod in Nicaea, it seemed absolutely necessary that the holy synod should send you a letter so that you may know what was proposed and discussed, and what was decided and enacted.

First of all the affair of the first council of nicaea and lawlessness of Arius and his followers was discussed in the first council of nicaea of the most pious emperor Constantine. Against all this the holy synod pronounced anathemas, and did not allow this impious and abandoned opinion and these blasphemous words even to be heard.

Of that man and the fate which befell him, you have doubtless heard or will hear, lest we should seem to trample upon one who has already received a fitting reward because of his own sin. Such indeed was the power of his impiety that Theonas of Marmarica and Secundus of Ptolemais shared in the consequences, for they too suffered the same fate.

First Council of Nicaea - New World Encyclopedia

The synod was moved to incline towards mildness in its treatment of Meletius for strictly speaking he deserved no mercy. It decreed that that he might remain in first council of nicaea own city without any authority to nominate or ordain, and that he was not to show himself for this purpose in the country or in another city, and that he was to retain the bare name of his office.

It was further decreed that those whom he had ordained, when they had been validated by a more spiritual ordination, first council of nicaea to be admitted to communion on condition that they would retain their rank and exercise their ministry, but in every respect were to be second to all the clergy in each diocese and church first council of nicaea had been nominated under our most honoured brother and fellow minister Alexander; they were to have no authority to appoint candidates of their choice or to put forward names or to do anything at all without the consent of the bishop of the catholic church, namely the bishop of those who are under Alexander.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, begotten of the Father, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father; By whom all things were made [both in heaven and on earth]; Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down and was incarnate and was made man; He suffered, and the third day he rose again, ascended into heaven; From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead.

And in the Holy Ghost.


A chair of gold had been made ready for him, and when he had taken his place the bishops seated themselves.